Artificial turf is not a new concept as it has been in use since the 1960s; it was first produced by Chemstrand Company as a surfacing material to imitate grass. Today it is widely used for the play areas of most outdoor sports, it is widely used in places where grass cannot grow naturally or during the winters. Today these synthetic turfs are widely used by golfers to practice indoors.
[box type=”info”]In the United States the revenue of synthetic indoor putting green industry is rapidly growing with an annual revenue of over $64 million at an annual growth rate of 5.7%[/box]
The Technology of the Practice Turf:
The synthetic turf has three parts, the first is the backing material (a fabric) usually made of jute, nylon or polyester. High quality practice turfs uses polyester tire cord as the backing material. The second part is the blades of synthetic grass, and they are usually made out of textured mono-filament yarn made out of nylon or polypropylene. The third part is the cushioning material usually made of a polypropylene foam or synthetic rubber.
- The first step is to blend the pellets of nylon or polypropylene with the right amount of coloring material in the hopper. It is then molten.
- Today with advancement in technology, a lot of other additives are added to provide UV protection and the get the right texture that is close to natural grass.
- The molten polymer along with the additives are then extruded through molds with specific cross-section (the cross section is designed to imitate the shape of natural grass). While it is extruded it exits in a long, thin strand of a mono-filament yarn which is cooled to solidify.
- The filament is then pulled, stretched, strengthened and then wound onto large spools.
- It is then heat textured to get the right feel.
- Then, the yarn is taken to a tufting machine, where the yarn is inserted in to the feeding needle through a slender tube. The needle then pierces the backing material (the base fabric), and creates loops of the fiber. Several hundred needles do the same job simultaneously to build the turf. The loops are then cut based on requirements.
- The synthetic turf is then rolled under a machine that spreads latex/other adhesive to bond the fibers permanently.
- Then the turf is placed under heating lamps for curing the adhesive.[/checklist]
Today the concept of indoor golf practice turfs has really taken root as it never needs seeding, watering, weeding or mowing. With the rapid advancement in material science, today artificial putting greens provide unmatched realism. The synthetic turf can almost replicate a perfectly manicured natural grass surface. It also overcomes other issues like divots, fungal development, grass damage and so on.
Indoor Putting Green to Improve your Golf:
It goes without saying that regular practice is the key to improve your golfing skills. Installing indoor putting greens can help you with this, as you can practice all around the year without worrying about the climate or mowing your backyard. However there are certain practical difficulties in installing a synthetic putting green. Learn more about how synthetic turf can help your game and get valuable information about installing indoor putting green.